[While learning is in progress] Focusing on my country's development stages, environment, and conditions, General Secretary Xi Jinping proposed to promote the formation of a new development pattern with the domestic cycle as the main body and the domestic and international dual cycles mutually promoting each other. In a series of recent important speeches, Xi Jinping gave a profound explanation from different angles. Xinhua News Agency’s "Learning in Progress" original brand column "Lectures" today launched an article for your interpretation.
Promoting the formation of a new development pattern in which the domestic cycle is the main body and the domestic and international double cycles promote each other is an issue that General Secretary Xi Jinping has repeatedly emphasized this year. The international community and all aspects of the country have paid great attention.
What is the connotation of the "big cycle" and the "double cycle"? What is the significance of such a strategic decision made by the Party Central Committee? In a series of recent important speeches, General Secretary Xi Jinping gave a profound explanation from different angles.
This is a strategic decision made according to my country’s development stage, environment, and conditions.
On May 23, Xi Jinping visited members of the economic circles who participated in the Third Session of the Thirteenth CPPCC National Committee and participated in the joint meeting. He deeply analyzed the domestic and international situation and pointed out that facing the future, we should take the domestic demand as the starting point and end point of development, and gradually form a new development pattern with the domestic cycle as the main body and the domestic and international dual cycles mutually promoting each other.
On July 21st, at the symposium of entrepreneurs, Xi Jinping further explained the main considerations for constructing this new development pattern, and emphasized the internal logical relationship between the "big cycle" and the "double cycle".
On August 20th, he presided over a symposium on solidly advancing the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta in Anhui, and when listening to the work report of the Anhui Provincial Party Committee and Provincial Government on the 21st, he put forward very specific requirements for accelerating the formation of a new development pattern.
On August 24, at a symposium of experts in the economic and social fields, Xi Jinping systematically explained the construction of a new development pattern and a series of related major issues from the height of planning the economic and social development during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period.
On September 1, Xi Jinping presided over the fifteenth meeting of the Central Committee for Comprehensively Deepening Reform, and put forward requirements from the perspective of reform, emphasizing on providing strong impetus for building a new development pattern.
In addition, the new development pattern is also extremely important at important meetings such as the Politburo Standing Committee meeting, Politburo meeting, and non-party forums hosted by Xi Jinping.
In this series of important speeches, Xi Jinping deeply analyzed the background, advantages, shortcomings, and key points of building a new development pattern, and put forward requirements in terms of innovation, opening up, and reform. He also emphasized some issues that require special attention and grasp. Very ideological, strategic and guiding.
Promoting the formation of a new development pattern with the domestic cycle as the main body and the mutual promotion of the domestic and international double cycles is based on the strategic decisions made by the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core in accordance with the changes in my country’s development stage, environment, and conditions. Level change. We must understand the "big cycle" and "double cycle". Xi Jinping must have a thorough understanding and thorough understanding of these important speeches.
Must concentrate on doing their own affairs
Economic society is a dynamic cyclic system, with all links interlocking. If the entire circulation system is unblocked, economic development is beneficial. Conversely, any link blocked will affect both upstream and downstream.
For a period of time, especially after the outbreak of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, the world has not seen major changes in a century, and the external environment of my country's development against wind and water has been increasing, and the instability and uncertainty are greater. Xi Jinping listed a series of unfavorable situations at the CPPCC joint meeting, such as the deep recession of the world economy, the sharp contraction of international trade and investment, the turbulence of the international financial market, the restriction of international exchanges, the countercurrent of economic globalization, the protectionism and unilateralism of some countries. Doctrine prevails and geopolitical risks are rising.
On the other hand, my country has entered a stage of high-quality development, and its advantages and conditions in many aspects have become more prominent, and its domestic demand potential is huge. Xi Jinping analyzed and pointed out that the basic characteristics of my country's economic potential, strong resilience, large room for maneuver, and many policy tools have not changed. my country has the world's most complete and largest industrial system, strong production capacity, and complete supporting capabilities. It has more than 100 million market players and more than 170 million people with higher education or various professional skills, including more than 400 million The super-large domestic demand market formed by a population of 1.4 billion including middle-income groups is in the stage of rapid development of new industrialization, informatization, urbanization, and agricultural modernization, with huge investment demand potential.
The momentum of the international cycle has been significantly weakened, and the vitality of the domestic cycle has become stronger and stronger. This trend of ebb and flow is an important basis for our decision-making. We must give full play to the advantages of the domestic super-large-scale market, add impetus to my country's economic development by prospering the domestic economy and smooth the domestic cycle, and drive the recovery of the world economy. At the symposium of experts in the economic and social fields, Xi Jinping emphasized that the promotion of a new development pattern with the domestic cycle as the main body and the mutual promotion of the domestic and international double cycles is proposed in accordance with the changes in my country's development stage, environment and conditions, and is to reshape my country's international cooperation. And the strategic choice of new competitive advantages.
In the period of world turbulence and change, we must concentrate our efforts on doing our own affairs well. We can only look at the new opportunities and challenges of the new development stage with dialectical thinking, and strive to cultivate new opportunities in the crisis and open new situations in the changing situation, as Xi Jinping requires In that way, only by accurately recognizing changes, scientifically responding to changes, proactively seeking changes, bravely opening sailboats, and being good at turning crises into opportunities, can we promote our country's economy to ride the wind and waves, and move forward steadily.
Adhere to the strategic direction of supply-side structural reform
The formation of a large domestic cycle as the main body means that meeting domestic demand is the starting point and end of development, and production, distribution, circulation, and consumption rely more on the domestic market. If this cycle is to be unblocked, a complete domestic demand system must be built, especially the supply system must be more compatible with domestic demand.
These requirements are in line with the deepening of supply-side structural reforms and the implementation of new development concepts. In fact, it is precisely because of our continuous deepening of supply-side structural reforms and unswerving implementation of new development concepts in recent years that we have cultivated favorable conditions to gain a foothold in the domestic market.
At the symposium of experts in the economic and social fields, Xi Jinping emphasized that since the 2008 international financial crisis, my country’s economy has been transforming to a major domestic cycle, and the ratio of current account surplus to GDP has dropped from 9.9% in 2007. The current rate is less than 1%, and the contribution rate of domestic demand to economic growth has exceeded 100% in 7 years.
Facing the future, Xi Jinping emphasized the need to adhere to the strategic direction of supply-side structural reform. Reform is the key to liberating and developing social productive forces and the fundamental driving force for national development. At the symposium of experts in the economic and social fields and the 15th meeting of the Central Deep Reform Commission, Xi Jinping put forward requirements from the perspective of reform, and it is a reform with greater intensity, deeper level, and broader scope.
At the same time, Xi Jinping emphasized the issue of innovation. He pointed out that to achieve high-quality development, it is necessary to achieve connotative growth driven by innovation.
For a large economy like our country, if the power problem is not solved well, it will be difficult to smooth the big cycle. The core of enhancing development momentum lies in innovation, and grasping innovation means grasping the “niubi” that affects the overall economic and social development.
When it comes to building a new development pattern, Xi Jinping almost always mentions innovation.
At the CPPCC joint committee meeting, he emphasized that it is necessary to vigorously promote technological innovation and other innovations, accelerate the promotion of strategic emerging industries such as digital economy, intelligent manufacturing, life and health, and new materials, and form more new growth points and growth poles. .
At the symposium for entrepreneurs, he emphasized that it is necessary to improve the modernization level of the industrial chain and supply chain, vigorously promote scientific and technological innovation, accelerate the research on key core technologies, and create new advantages for future development.
At the symposium of experts in the economic and social fields, he emphasized that relying on my country’s super-large-scale market and complete industrial system to create unique advantages that are conducive to the rapid and large-scale application and iterative upgrade of new technologies, accelerate the transformation of scientific and technological achievements into actual productivity, and enhance the industrial chain Level and maintain the safety of the industrial chain.
We must also vigorously improve our independent innovation capabilities and break through key core technologies as soon as possible. Xi Jinping pointed out that this is a major issue related to the overall development of our country, and it is also the key to forming a major domestic cycle.
Make better use of both domestic and international markets and resources
The new development pattern emphasizes the "domestic cycle as the main body", but "the mutual promotion of domestic and international dual cycles" is also crucial.
On different occasions, Xi Jinping repeatedly emphasized that to clarify this important concept, with the domestic cycle as the main body, is by no means a closed operation with closed doors.
Xi Jinping has repeatedly emphasized that China's door to opening up will not close, but will only open wider and wider. Promote the formation of a new development pattern with the domestic big cycle as the main body and the domestic and international double cycles mutually promoting each other. The purpose is to better connect the domestic market with the international market and make better use of the two international and domestic markets and two resources by leveraging the potential of domestic demand. Achieve stronger and more sustainable development.
From the perspective of the general trend of the world, economic globalization is still a historical trend, and the division of labor and cooperation between countries and mutual benefit and win-win are long-term trends. International economic connections and exchanges are still the objective requirements of world economic development. China is committed to building an open world economy and building a community with a shared future for mankind. We must persist in deepening reform, expanding opening up, and strengthening open cooperation in the field of science and technology. Xi Jinping has repeatedly emphasized that "we must stand on the right side of history."
From the perspective of my country's development, an important driving force for my country's sustained and rapid economic development is opening up. Opening to the outside world is a basic national policy. Xi Jinping discussed six important issues at a forum of experts in the economic and social fields, one of which was "to create new advantages in international cooperation and competition with high-level opening up." He emphasized that we must comprehensively raise the level of opening up, build a new higher-level open economic system, and form new advantages in international cooperation and competition. It is necessary to actively participate in the reform of the global economic governance system and promote the improvement of a fairer and more reasonable international economic governance system.
Xi Jinping also pointed out that we should pay attention to two points in advancing opening-up: First, all countries, regions and enterprises willing to cooperate with us, including states, localities and enterprises in the United States, must actively carry out cooperation to form a comprehensive and multi-level cooperation. , Diversified pattern of open cooperation. The second is that the more open, the more we must pay attention to safety, the more we must coordinate development and safety, and strive to enhance our own competitiveness, open supervision capabilities, and risk prevention and control capabilities, so as to make the King Kong indestructible.